October 10, 2022
Among all the branches of psychology, child psychology is one of the sensitive areas of psychology as understanding little ones is way more tough than understanding adult brains. Also, child psychology is the most studied branch of psychology. Western Washington Medical group describes child psychology perfectly as "the study of subconscious and conscious childhood development.
In other words, it is closely studying the behavior and mind of a child and keeping a close check on how a child develops, not only physically but also mentally and emotionally.
Children typically reach developmental milestones. These milestones reflect abilities, such as walking and talking, that are achieved by most children at similar ages. Among other things, we are interested in trying to explain how children reach these milestones and how individual, social and cultural factors may influence how we develop.
Every child has several stages of growth. The growth pattern is similar among different children. Some kids may pass through a phase very fast while others may take a very long time to develop. Each development stage has a milestone to reach. Hence, many specialists call it the development milestone.
Five stages of child psychology:
Cognitive development: Cognitive behavioral therapy has the power to solve problems. This development can vary according to ages.
Social and Emotional Development: One of the important things to learn is how to interact with others. Interaction with people can vary depending on who is around them.
Speech and language development: Generally, it takes a while for a child to learn how to speak. At first the baby starts to respond to words.
Fine Motor skill development: Human motion development is connected to the growth of nerves and muscle cells. The muscles contract and relax to bring about any simple movement of life.
Gross motor skill development: There are other stages of movement in a child’s growth period. These are the big movements such as standing up learning to walk and then run.
Activities for a child’s mental health:
Worry time: In this time, parents must ask their child to write down all the worries and discuss the solutions and how to overcome them.
Activity planning: Create an activity diary with your child and help them to schedule in some pleasurable and achievement related activities.
Talking about feelings: This is one of the most important parts where you can discuss feelings and emotions with your child to understand what they are feeling and where they are lacking. This will help you to understand your child.
Being present: One should always make their child feel that you are always there for them. This will help your child feel protected and confident and it will help you to build a healthy relationship with your child.
Good things: Always teach your child to write down the good things first as it will develop a positive mindset and your child will start looking for better alternatives before falling into any kind of negativity.
Appreciation: This is one of the most important tools as parents must always appreciate their child for any small effort they make. Appreciation helps in building mental growth for a child.